Have you ever wondered how to make your own soap? Check out the recipe below to learn how!
These ingredients are listed by weight:
Water - 300 grams
Lye - 127 grams
Canola Oil - 142 grams
Crisco - 227 grams
Olive Oil - 312 grams
Coconut Oil - 227 grams
Essential Oil (optional - GNC sells them) or skin safe fragrance (order from a soap supplier online) - 40 g
Botanicals can be used for colorant (paprika, clay, crushed sage, ground lavender, etc.)
Weigh all ingredients on a tared food scale. Once the utensils and bowls have been used for soap they are no longer suitable for food and should only be used for soapmaking in the future. Always mix lye into water and not the other way around. Mixing should be accomplished in stainless steel only. The heat released during the solution of NaOH into water could melt through plastic (it is fine to mix in a thick plastic bucket like is used for painters but not a thin plastic like a water bottle or jar), and anything alloyed with aluminum can react with the NaOH and release deadly H2 gas. Safety first! Never mix NaOH into water in a glass container as it can etch away at the glass and eventually it will shatter. Not what you want when working with a caustic material. After curing you should test the pH with phentalene solution. If you are planning on selling your soap you should test shelf life and also get product liability insurance. A good resource is the Handcrafted Soap and Cosmetic Guild.